EFBC FCC
Cat House



Feline Species Information
Meesha Shapur Maya Willow

There are 36 species of wild cats. In early March 1996 the Felid TAG (Taxonomic Advisory Group) had a conference. At this meeting a revised felid taxonomy was officially agreed to. As you may have noticed in the past, many different books gave different taxonomies - for example, the snow leopard being in 'panthera' or 'uncia', all small cats being 'felis' vs many different small cat genera, etc.

The new taxonomy agreed to basically divides the former Felis and Panthera groups into 13 and 4 genera respectively, for a total of 18 genera (13 in the Felidae subfamily, 4 in the Pantherinae subfamily, and 1 in the Acinonychinae subfamily). There are still 36 species (the Iriomote cat is officially a subspecies of Leopard cat, and the Canadian, Eurasian, and Iberian Lynxes are officially different species, not subspecies). Most species are further divided into subspecies, based on physical distinction and/or geographic separation. I have only gone into detail about the leopard subspecies, as these groupings are fairly well agreed upon. Most cat species' subspeciation is a topic of debate.

New genetic research circa 2007-2008 indicates the Bornean clouded leopard should be considered a separate species, rather than a sub-species. However there would still be 36 species total, as the Chinese mountain cat is actually a subspecies of wild cat.

Separate pages exist for some of the species below if we house them or if I have pictures I've personally taken of them. View current IUCN (World Conservation Union) Red List status for all Felidae species. The Red List takes into account overall world-wide populations, so even if a cat is endangered in one country or state, as a species it may not be listed as endangered. The six categories are: Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable, Near Threatened, Least Concern, and Data Deficient.

Wild Cat Species (alphabetical by common name)
* African golden cat (Caracal aurata)
* Andean mountain cat (Leopardus jacobita)
* Asian golden cat (Pardofelis temminckii)
* Black-footed cat (Felis nigripes)
* Bobcat (Lynx rufus)
* Bornean bay cat (Pardofelis badia)
* Canadian lynx (Lynx canadensis)
* Caracal (Caracal caracal)
* Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus)
* Clouded leopard (Neofelis nebulosa)
* Cougar (Puma concolor)
* Eurasian Lynx (Lynx lynx)
* Fishing Cat (Prionailurus viverrinus)
* Flat-headed cat (Prionailurus planiceps)
* Geoffroys cat (Leopardus geoffroyi)
* Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus)
* Jaguar (Panthera onca)
* Jaguarundi (Puma yagouarundi)
* Jungle cat (Felis chaus)
* Kodkod (Guigna) (Leopardus guigna)
* Leopard (Panthera pardus)
* Leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis)
* Lion (Panthera leo)
* Marbled cat (Pardofelis marmorata)
* Margay (Leopardus wiedii)
* Ocelot (Leopardus pardalis)
* Oncilla (Leopardus tigrinus)
* Pampas cat (Leopardus colocolo)
* Pallas cat (Otocolobus manul)
* Rusty-spotted cat (Prionailurus rubiginosus)
* Sand cat (Felis margarita)
* Serval (Leptailurus serval)
* Snow leopard (Panthera uncia)
* Sunda Clouded leopard (Neofelis diardi)
* Tiger (Panthera tigris)
* Wildcat (Felis silvestris)

Wild Cat Species (alphabetical by scientific name)
* Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus)
* African golden cat (Caracal aurata)
* Caracal (Caracal caracal)
* Jungle cat (Felis chaus)
* Sand cat (Felis margarita)
* Black-footed cat (Felis nigripes)
* Wildcat (Felis silvestris)
* Pampas cat (Leopardus colocolo)
* Geoffroys cat (Leopardus geoffroyi)
* Kodkod (Guigna) (Leopardus guigna)
* Andean mountain cat (Leopardus jacobita)
* Ocelot (Leopardus pardalis)
* Oncilla (Leopardus tigrinus)
* Margay (Leopardus wiedii)
* Serval (Leptailurus serval)
* Canadian lynx (Lynx canadensis)
* Eurasian Lynx (Lynx lynx)
* Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus)
* Bobcat (Lynx rufus)
* Sunda Clouded leopard (Neofelis diardi)
* Clouded leopard (Neofelis nebulosa)
* Pallas cat (Otocolobus manul)
* Lion (Panthera leo)
* Jaguar (Panthera onca)
* Leopard (Panthera pardus)
* Tiger (Panthera tigris)
* Snow leopard (Panthera uncia)
* Bornean bay cat (Pardofelis badia)
* Marbled cat (Pardofelis marmorata)
* Asian golden cat (Pardofelis temminckii)
* Leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis)
* Flat-headed cat (Prionailurus planiceps)
* Rusty-spotted cat (Prionailurus rubiginosus)
* Fishing Cat (Prionailurus viverrinus)
* Cougar (Puma concolor)
* Jaguarundi (Puma yagouarundi)