The Malayan tiger is classified as Endangered on the IUCN Red List. Native to the southern and central parts of the Malay Peninsula (which includes parts of Thailand and Malaysia); the population is estimated at 500 in the wild. When in 1968 the Indochinese tiger Panthera tigris corbetti was newly designated, the tigers of Malaya and Singapore were included into this subspecies. In 2004, Panthera tigris jacksoni was recognized as a new subspecies when a genetic analysis found that they are distinct from Panthera tigris corbetti. There is no clear difference between the Malayan and the Indochinese tiger when specimens from the two regions are compared by skull size or coat color & pattern. Malayan tigers appear to be smaller than Indian ones, similar in size to Sumatran tigers. Body weight ranges from 52 to 195 lb for females, 104 to 285 lb for males.
Malayan tigers prey on sambar deer, barking deer, wild boar, Bornean bearded pigs and serow. Tigers in Taman Negara also prey on sun bear and elephant calves. Occasionally, livestock is also taken; however, tiger predation reduces the numbers of wild boar which can become a serious pest in plantations and other croplands. Studies indicate that in areas where large predators (tigers and leopards) are extinct, wild pigs are over 10 times more numerous than in areas where tigers and leopards are still present.
Malayan tigers currently occur at very low densities in the rainforest as a result of low prey densities. Habitat fragmentation due to development projects and agriculture are serious threats. Commercial poaching occurs at varying levels in all tiger range states. In Malaysia there is a substantial domestic market in recent years for tiger meat and manufactured tiger bone medicines.
In 2012 we became home to Malayan tigers to begin a breeding program for this endangered subspecies of tiger.
Born: November 16 2014 Arrived at EFBC: January 2016 from Alexandria Zoo